Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees, which contains about ten species
His natural habitat is Europe, Asia and North America. It grows in South and Central Europe.
It requires deep, fresh and rich soil, up to 2000 meters above sea level. It is a Unicameral, single-species. Deciduous tree up to 50 m in height and up to 2 m in diameter. The bark is ash-gray in color, thin and smooth to the ripe old age. The root system is shallow and well-developed. Leaves glossy, elliptical, in its youth are lash-hairy.
It blooms in April and May with leafing. Male flowers are in globular inflorescence, and female are on short stems. The fruit beechnuts ripen in the fall of the same year. Beech achieves its optimum point in subalpine range where it forms pure or mixed stands (usually with fir and spruce).